What you need to know about neurosis
According to the World Health Organization, the number of patients with neuroses has increased 24-fold over the past 65 years. At the same time, the number of mental illnesses has only increased by a factor of 1.6 during this time. It turns out that facing a neurosis is much easier than we think. Outbursts of emotion, unjustified irritation, unreasonable changes in health – all these can be a sign of neurosis. It is important to distinguish between simple depression or, conversely, a person’s natural irascibility and neurosis – a real disease that affects not only the psyche, but also on health in general. Sometimes in the case of neurosis they prescribe: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/xanax-retard.
To help a loved one suffering from neurosis, it is not unreasonable to understand the nature of the disease. Scientists have come to the conclusion that neuroses are usually based on psychological trauma. This can be an actual problem at work, in the family or in intimate life, or a trauma that comes from childhood. As a child, a person lives in a state of constant imprinting, and many of the impressions that he receives, imprint on his entire life.
Why, then, do not all of us suffer from neuroses? After all, most of us are constantly exposed to various kinds of stress, we all find ourselves in difficult situations. And few can boast a completely cloudless childhood. And yet some go “dry from water”, while others gather the baggage of unpleasant experiences. Why is this the case?
The fact is that psychological trauma alone is not sufficient for the development of a neurosis. The impression should lie on well-prepared soil. An important link in the formation of neurosis are personality traits. The psychotraumatic factor, the very seed from which the neurosis then develops, must have special individual importance.
In studies, personality traits which have the greatest predisposition to neurosis have been revealed:
sensitivity or hypersensitivity,
emotional lability – rapid change of mood for insignificant reasons,
rigidity (difficulties with adaptation to changed conditions).
How does neurosis manifest itself?
Neurosis can manifest itself in quite different ways and on different fronts. Among the mental manifestations that are usually difficult to hide: anxiety, asthenia or a feeling of powerlessness, depression, phobias, hypochondria (belief in the presence of a serious illness), obsessive states. Heart palpitations and breathing problems may occur. Nervousness may be accompanied by stomach problems, pain in various parts of the spine, chills, or conversely an increase in temperature. Sleep disorders and intimate problems are frequent companions of neurosis.
Types of neuroses
There are different types of neuroses. The most common of these are:
1) anxiety-phobic disorders, which appear in the form of attacks of fear and gratuitous anxiety. There is a fear of various situations which pose no real danger – a fear of enclosed spaces, a fear of becoming the center of attention, of receiving a negative assessment from another person;
2) depressive disorders characterized by a melancholy mood with a feeling of deficiency, abandonment, loneliness, sadness, which are subject to daily and seasonal fluctuations and are usually accompanied by anxiety, apathy, increased fatigability, a decrease in attention, memory, obsessive ideas, disappointment in everyone and in everything, sleep disorders;
3) obsessive disorders characterized by recurrent uncontrollable intrusive thoughts, sensations, images or compulsive actions. They are often associated with a fear of contamination, contamination, a need to constantly double-check one’s actions, a fear of harming oneself; and in connection with them, certain actions: compulsive hand washing or brushing one’s teeth, or keeping oneself in perfect order.
All of these manifestations are closely intertwined and may appear in various combinations. Only a neurologist can identify the true neurosis after talking to and examining the patient. It is the specialist who will be able to separate the signs of neurosis from manifestations of other somatic diseases (hypertension, heart disease, consequences of trauma, etc.), as well as from complications from medications and from true mental illness.